Module One : Physio-chemical Oceanography, Ocean Circulation and Dynamics
1.Oceans, their divisions, distribution, characteristics (temp, Salinity, and density), and masses. Ocean observation concepts and techniques
2.Chemical properties and biology in the ocean; Photosynthetic Primary production and light; Primary production and Nutrients; Geographic variations in primary production
3.Ocean Circulation and Dynamics II: Ocean-atmosphere Interactions (water and heat budget; Interannually climate variations El Nino and other Oscillations; climate and ocean surface water properties
4.Ocean Circulation and Dynamics I: Ocean Circulation (Wind-driven currents; Open ocean surface currents; Equatorial surface currents; High Latitude surface currents; Upwelling and Downwelling; Coastal currents; Eddies; Thermohaline Circulation; The conveyor Belt
5.Ocean Circulation and Dynamics III: Waves and Tides; Summarizing Module 1 with the global fluxes and the deep circulation
Module Two : Paleoceanography
1.Introduction to Ocean and its evolution through time and its influence on Climate.
2.K/T boundary (Chixulub + Deccan Basalts) and Early Paleogene (carbon addition and global warming
3.Antarctica Glaciation and influence on Ocean and Global Change (Eocene-Oligocene Boundary); Messinian Salinity Crises (Miocene)
4.The last glacial maxima and deglaciation, and Younger Dryas.
5.OAE’s (Ocean Anoxic Events
Module Three: Anthropogenic effects on Ocean and Global Change
1.Sea-level fluctuations and Coastlines
2.Coral reefs and Ocean Acidification; Plastic Pollution
3.Future Predictions on Ocean and Global Change